Bobcat Co. originated as Melroe Mfg Co., a Gwinner, N.D., family-owned agricultural equipment maker founded in 1947. The original compact loader was invented by LouisandCyril Keller, who operated a small family blacksmith shop in Rothsay, Minn. Based on a request from a local turkey farmer, the brothers set out to develop a small loader that was lighter and more maneuverable.
After a few prototypes, a move to North Dakota and an acquisition by Melroe Manufacturing Co., the three-wheeled Keller loader went into production in 1958 as the “Melroe self-propelled loader.” In 1962, as a four-wheeled model, it was branded the “Bobcat” skid-steer loader. This single product became so successful that the company later took the Bobcat name, while adding several other machines to its product line.
“Bobcat Co. of North Dakota represents the ingenuity and innovation of American business,” saidBrent D. Glass, director of the museum. “These records contribute to the better understanding of American entrepreneurship.” The Bobcat Co. records span a period from the 1940s to the present and illustrate the progression of a once-small, family-owned company that emerged as an industry leader. The donation includes photographs, product literature, advertisements, employee newsletters, drawings, scrapbooks and audiovisual materials. The collection also contains notes on a 1985 trip to Japan where employees learned about Japanese manufacturing and engineering techniques, some of which were implemented in Bobcat factories.
These papers are available for research and complement the Archives Center’s agricultural holdings, which include the Everett Bickley Collection, the William C. Kost Farm Records and the Southern Agricultural Oral History Project.
“Equipment industry experts have called Bobcat a national treasure, and we are pleased the Smithsonian archivists agreed that our materials should be preserved for future generations,” saidLeroy Anderson, marketing communication manager and Bobcat historian.
The National Museum of American History collects, preserves and displays American heritage in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. After a two-year renovation and a dramatic transformation, the museum shines new light on American history, both in Washington and online. To learn more about the museum, check outAmericanHistory.si.edu.
Source: Smithsonian National Museum of American History