The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is hoping homeowners “learn before they burn” this winter. It has established the Burn Wise campaign to reduce wood smoke pollution and help make the heating season healthier and safer.
Wood smoke is made up of a mixture of gases and fine particle pollution that is unhealthy to breathe indoors or out – especially for children, older adults and those with heart disease, asthma or other lung diseases, the EPA reports. It recommends the following tips for homeowners burning wood this winter:
- Burn only dry, seasoned wood. It’s better for the
air and your wallet. Look for wood that is darker,
has cracks in the end grain, and sounds hollow when hit against another piece
of wood. Dry seasoned
wood is more efficient at heating your home and can add up to significant
savings over the winter. Never burn painted or treated wood or trash.
your wood stove or fireplace and have a certified technician inspect it yearly.
A certified technician can clean dangerous soot from your chimney and keep your
wood stove or fireplace working properly, which reduces your risk of a home
- Change to an EPA-certified wood stove or fireplace insert. These models are more efficient than older models, keeping your air cleaner, your home safer and your fuel bill lower, while keeping you warm in the winter. An estimated 12 million Americans heat their homes with wood stoves each winter, and nearly three-quarters of these stoves are not EPA certified. An EPA-certified wood stove can emit nearly 70 percent less smoke than older uncertified models.