The conference is a gathering of plumbing researchers from around the world and was held at Heriot-Watt University.
Ballanco had been invited as a presenter by Prof. John Swaffield, head of the deptartment of building engineering at Heriot-Watt University and one of the foremost plumbing researchers in the world.
According to one conference attendee, "Julius was the only American invited to present a paper at the conference. There was a great deal of interest in his topic and his presentation was exceptionally well received."
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